Orthoptics or orthoptics is the branch of ophthalmology that is defined as the diagnosis and treatment of binocular vision disorders. It is through orthoptic screening that we are able to analyse and treat the various visual disorders related to binocularity. The orthoptist is responsible for the good development of vision in children. It is indeed essential to detect any refractive disorder (myopia, hyperopia and/or astigmatism), possible ocular deviations (strabismus), or amblyopia (asymmetrical vision between the two eyes) to ensure good visual development in each patient.
An orthoptic assessment is also necessary in adults suffering from motor or sensory disorders, often translated by diplopia (double vision) or eye strain disorders (headache, visual fatigue, etc). Patients with a history such as diabetes, myasthenia gravis, dysthyroidism, multiple sclerosis, or having had a stroke or head injury may suffer from these different symptoms and are therefore referred to an orthoptist. This orthoptic management is essential and makes it possible to establish a diagnosis and treatment adapted to each.